Data Sharing, Clinical Trials, and Biomarkers in Precision Oncology: Challenges, Opportunities, and Programs at the Department of Veterans Affairs

Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2017 May;101(5):586-589. doi: 10.1002/cpt.660. Epub 2017 Mar 20.

Abstract

Cancer genomic research reveals that a similar cancer clinical phenotype (e.g., non-small cell lung cancer) can arise from various mutations in tumor DNA. Thus, organ of origin is not a definitive classification. Further, targeted therapy for cancer patients (precision oncology) capitalizes on knowledge of individual patient mutational status to deliver treatment directed against the protein products of these mutations with the goal of reducing toxicity and enhancing efficacy relative to traditional nontargeted chemotherapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers, Tumor*
  • Clinical Trials as Topic / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Clinical Trials as Topic / statistics & numerical data
  • DNA, Neoplasm / genetics
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Information Dissemination / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Medical Oncology / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Medical Oncology / statistics & numerical data
  • Precision Medicine / trends*
  • United States
  • United States Department of Veterans Affairs*

Substances

  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • DNA, Neoplasm

Grant support