Triterpenoids and polysaccharide peptides-enriched Ganoderma lucidum: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled crossover study of its antioxidation and hepatoprotective efficacy in healthy volunteers

Pharm Biol. 2017 Dec;55(1):1041-1046. doi: 10.1080/13880209.2017.1288750.

Abstract

Context: Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss: Fr) Karst. (Polyporaceae) is an oriental medicinal fungus, commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treating various condition or diseases such as hypertension, hyperglycaemia, hepatitis and cancer.

Objective: The current study examines whether triterpenoids and polysaccharide-enriched G. lucidum (GL) influence antioxidation and hepatoprotective efficacy by suppressing oxidative stress.

Materials and methods: Forty-two healthy subjects (22 male and 20 female) were recruited and segregated into two groups as experimental or placebo and requested to intake GL (n = 21) or placebo (n = 21) capsule (225 mg; after lunch or dinner) for six consecutive months and vice versa with one month washout period in between. The anthropometric analysis and biochemical assays, as well as abdominal ultrasonic examination were performed.

Results: Consumption of GL substantially improved (p < 0.05) the total antioxidant capacity (TEAC; 79.33-84.04), total thiols and glutathione content (6-8.05) in plasma as well as significant (p < 0.05) enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes. Whereas, the levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS; 3.37-2.47), 8-hydroxy-deoxy-guanosine (8-OH-dG; 15.99-11.98) and hepatic marker enzymes (glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase; GOT and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase; GPT) were concomitantly reduced (42 and 27%) on treatment with GL. Furthermore, the abdominal ultrasonic examination in GL subjects displayed a notable alteration on hepatic condition by reversing from mild fatty liver condition (initial) to normal condition.

Discussion and conclusion: The outcome of the present intervention demonstrated the antioxidation, anti-aging and hepatoprotective nature of GL by effectively curbing oxidative stress.

Keywords: Oxidative stress; fatty liver; hepatic markers; ultrasonic examination.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine
  • Adult
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Deoxyguanosine / analogs & derivatives
  • Deoxyguanosine / analysis
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Healthy Volunteers
  • Humans
  • Liver / drug effects*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects
  • Protective Agents / pharmacology
  • Proteoglycans / pharmacology*
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
  • Reishi / chemistry*
  • Triterpenes / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Protective Agents
  • Proteoglycans
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Triterpenes
  • polysaccharide peptide
  • 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine
  • Deoxyguanosine

Grant support

Authors like to thank all volunteers, who participated in the intervention as well as Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (101-2313-B040-007-MY2) for supporting this clinical trial.