The immunogenicity and tumor-protective activity of different vaccines were examined and compared with murine B16 melanoma. All vaccines were prepared from material shed into culture medium by B16 melanoma cells. Vaccine I was generated by concentrating the shed material. Vaccine II was partially purified by precipitating the shed material with 50% ammonium sulfate followed by sephadex G-200 column chromatography. Vaccine III was concentrated shed material that was treated with 0.5% NP-40 and then ultracentrifuged to remove transplantation antigens. Mice were immunized to equal protein concentrations of vaccines weekly for 5 weeks or to control buffer. Antibody, cellular, and tumor-protective immunity to melanoma was measured in all mice 2 weeks following the last immunization. All three vaccine preparations were immunogenic. Vaccine preparation I appeared to be the most immunogenic and the one that most consistently augmented tumor-protective immunity. Augmentation in tumor-protective immunity correlated better with increase in cellular than in humoral immunity to melanoma.