A 14-year longitudinal study of the impact of clean indoor air legislation on state smoking prevalence, USA, 1997-2010

Prev Med. 2017 Jun;99:63-66. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.01.016. Epub 2017 Feb 8.


While clean indoor air legislation at the state level is an evidence-based recommendation, only limited evidence exists regarding the impact of clean indoor air policies on state smoking prevalence. Using state smoking prevalence data from 1997 to 2010, a repeated measures observational analysis assessed the association between clean indoor air policies (i.e., workplace, restaurant, and bar) and state smoking prevalence while controlling for state cigarette taxes and year. The impacts from the number of previous years with any clean indoor air policy, the number of policies in effect during the current year, and the number of policies in effect the previous year were analyzed. Findings indicate a smoking prevalence predicted decrease of 0.13 percentage points (p=0.03) for each additional year one or more clean indoor air policies were in effect, a predicted decrease of 0.12 percentage points (p=0.09) for each policy in effect in the current year, and a predicted decrease of 0.22 percentage points (p=0.01) for each policy in effect in the previous year on the subsequent year. Clean indoor air policies show measurable associations with reductions in smoking prevalence within a year of implementation above and beyond taxes and time trends. Further efforts are needed to diffuse clean indoor air policies across states and provinces that have not yet adopted such policies.

Keywords: Cigarette bans; Cigarettes; Clean air policies; Involuntary smoking; Secondhand smoking; Smoking rates; Tobacco tax.

MeSH terms

  • Air Pollution, Indoor / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Health Policy / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Prevalence
  • Restaurants
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Smoking / trends
  • Taxes
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Workplace


  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution