Clinical implementation of coverage probability planning for nodal boosting in locally advanced cervical cancer

Radiother Oncol. 2017 Apr;123(1):158-163. doi: 10.1016/j.radonc.2017.01.015. Epub 2017 Feb 9.

Abstract

Purpose: To implement coverage probability (CovP) for dose planning of simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) of pathologic lymph nodes in locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC).

Material and methods: CovP constraints for SIB of the pathological nodal target (PTV-N) with a central dose peak and a relaxed coverage at the perimeter were generated for use with the treatment planning system Eclipse: PTV-N D98 >90%, CTV-N D98 >100% and CTV-N D50 >101.5% of prescribed dose. Dose of EBRT was 45Gy/25 fx with a SIB of 55-57.5Gy depending on expected dose from brachytherapy (BT). Twenty-five previously treated patients with 47 boosted nodes were analysed. Nodes were contoured on cone beam CT (CBCT) and the accumulated dose in GTV-NCBCT and volume of body, pelvic bones and bowel receiving >50Gy (V50) were determined.

Results: Nearly all nodes (89%) were visible on CBCT and showed considerable concentric regression during EBRT. Total EBRT and BT D98 was >57 GyEQD2 in 98% of the visible nodes. Compared to treatment plans aiming for full PTV-N coverage, CovP significantly reduced V50 of body, bones and bowel (p<0.001) CONCLUSION: CovP is clinically feasible for SIB of pathological nodes and significantly decreases collateral SIB dose to nearby OAR.

Keywords: Cervical cancer; Coverage probability; Nodal boosting; Radiotherapy.

MeSH terms

  • Brachytherapy
  • Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lymph Nodes / pathology
  • Probability
  • Radiotherapy Dosage
  • Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / radiotherapy*