Purpose: This review aims to explore and summarize the current clinical evidence about the use of regenerative medicine such as mesenchymal stem cells or platelet-rich plasma in intervertebral disc regeneration, in order to clarify the state of art of these novel approaches.
Materials and methods: We performed a research of the available literature about regenerative medicine strategies aiming to prevent intervertebral disc degeneration. All preclinical trials and in vitro studies were excluded. Only clinical trials were critically analysed.
Results: The manuscript selection produced a total of 7 articles concerning the use of regenerative therapies in intervertebral disc degeneration, covering the period between 2010 and 2016. Articles selected were 4 about the injection of mesenchymal stem cells-related results and 3 using platelet-rich plasma. The total population of patients treated with regenerative medicine strategies were 104 patients.
Conclusions: Regenerative medicine, such as the use of mesenchymal stem cells or platelet-rich plasma, in intradiscal disc degeneration has shown preclinical and clinical positive results. Randomized clinical trials studying the potential of MSCs intradiscal injection have not been conducted, and PRP effect has been studied only preliminarily. Additional more powered high-quality studies are needed to really appreciate the long-term safety and efficacy of regenerative medicine approaches in IDD.
Keywords: Intervertebral disc degeneration; Intervertebral disc regeneration; Mesenchymal stem cells; Platelet-rich plasma; Tissue engineering.