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Review
. 2017 May;131(5):378-383.
doi: 10.1017/S0022215117000056. Epub 2017 Feb 14.

Tongue-lip Adhesion and Tongue Repositioning for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea in Pierre Robin Sequence: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Review

Tongue-lip Adhesion and Tongue Repositioning for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea in Pierre Robin Sequence: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

M Camacho et al. J Laryngol Otol. .

Abstract

Objective: To search for studies on tongue-lip adhesion and tongue repositioning used as isolated treatments for obstructive sleep apnoea in children with Pierre Robin sequence.

Methods: A systematic literature search of PubMed/Medline and three additional databases, from inception through to 8 July 2016, was performed by two authors.

Results: Seven studies with 90 patients (59 tongue-lip adhesion and 31 tongue repositioning patients) met the inclusion criteria. Tongue-lip adhesion reduced the mean (± standard deviation) apnoea/hypopnoea index from 30.8 ± 22.3 to 15.4 ± 18.9 events per hour (50 per cent reduction). The apnoea/hypopnoea index mean difference for tongue-lip adhesion was -15.28 events per hour (95 per cent confidence interval = -30.70 to 0.15; p = 0.05). Tongue-lip adhesion improved the lowest oxygen saturation from 75.8 ± 6.8 to 84.4 ± 7.3 per cent. Tongue repositioning reduced the apnoea/hypopnoea index from 46.5 to 17.4 events per hour (62.6 per cent reduction). Tongue repositioning improved the mean oxygen saturation from 90.8 ± 1.2 to 95.0 ± 0.5 per cent.

Conclusion: Tongue-lip adhesion and tongue repositioning can improve apnoea/hypopnoea index and oxygenation parameters in children with Pierre Robin sequence and obstructive sleep apnoea.

Keywords: Obstructive; Operative; Pierre Robin Syndrome; Sleep Apnea; Surgical Procedures; Tongue.

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