Background: Polymorphisms in genes encoding tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and its receptor TNF-R1 have been shown to affect one person's susceptibility to develop certain neoplastic diseases. The aim of the present association study was to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TNF-α (-308G>A) and TNF-R1 (36A>G) genes modulate the susceptibility for keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOTs) development in Serbian patients.
Methods: Genotyping was performed in 60 KCOT patients and 125 healthy individuals, using polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.
Results: A significant difference in genotype and allele frequencies was found between patients and controls for both SNPs (P < 0.05). Carriers of the TNF-α A variant had an eightfold increase of KCOT risk (OR = 8.12, 95% CI = 3.98-16.56, P < 0.0001), while carriers of the TNF-R1 G variant had approximately a fourfold increase of KCOT risk (OR=3.65, CI: 1.60-8.40, P = 0.001).
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the two polymorphisms are strong risk factors for KCOT development in Serbian population.
Keywords: tumor necrosis factor-α; TNFR1; odontogenic tumors; risk factors; single nucleotide polymorphisms.
© 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.