TNF-α (-308G>A) and TNF-R1 (36A>G) single nucleotide polymorphisms are strong risk factors for odontogenic keratocystic tumor development

J Oral Pathol Med. 2017 Apr;46(4):292-296. doi: 10.1111/jop.12564. Epub 2017 Mar 5.


Background: Polymorphisms in genes encoding tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and its receptor TNF-R1 have been shown to affect one person's susceptibility to develop certain neoplastic diseases. The aim of the present association study was to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TNF-α (-308G>A) and TNF-R1 (36A>G) genes modulate the susceptibility for keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOTs) development in Serbian patients.

Methods: Genotyping was performed in 60 KCOT patients and 125 healthy individuals, using polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.

Results: A significant difference in genotype and allele frequencies was found between patients and controls for both SNPs (P < 0.05). Carriers of the TNF-α A variant had an eightfold increase of KCOT risk (OR = 8.12, 95% CI = 3.98-16.56, P < 0.0001), while carriers of the TNF-R1 G variant had approximately a fourfold increase of KCOT risk (OR=3.65, CI: 1.60-8.40, P = 0.001).

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the two polymorphisms are strong risk factors for KCOT development in Serbian population.

Keywords: tumor necrosis factor-α; TNFR1; odontogenic tumors; risk factors; single nucleotide polymorphisms.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency / genetics
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Jaw Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Odontogenic Tumors / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics*
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I / genetics*
  • Risk Factors
  • Serbia / epidemiology
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / genetics*
  • Young Adult


  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha