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, 41 (1), 35-44

Evidence of Big Five and Aggressive Personalities in Gait Biomechanics

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Evidence of Big Five and Aggressive Personalities in Gait Biomechanics

Liam Satchell et al. J Nonverbal Behav.

Abstract

Behavioral observation techniques which relate action to personality have long been neglected (Furr and Funder in Handbook of research methods in personality psychology, The Guilford Press, New York, 2007) and, when employed, often use human judges to code behavior. In the current study we used an alternative to human coding (biomechanical research techniques) to investigate how personality traits are manifest in gait. We used motion capture technology to record 29 participants walking on a treadmill at their natural speed. We analyzed their thorax and pelvis movements, as well as speed of gait. Participants completed personality questionnaires, including a Big Five measure and a trait aggression questionnaire. We found that gait related to several of our personality measures. The magnitude of upper body movement, lower body movement, and walking speed, were related to Big Five personality traits and aggression. Here, we present evidence that some gait measures can relate to Big Five and aggressive personalities. We know of no other examples of research where gait has been shown to correlate with self-reported measures of personality and suggest that more research should be conducted between largely automatic movement and personality.

Keywords: Big Five personality; Gait biomechanics; Trait aggression.

Figures

Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Left the anterior view of marker placements, showing retroreflective markers placed on the acromion process of both shoulders (thorax reference point), the suprasternal notch (thorax reference point) and the crests of the anterior iliac spines (pelvis reference point). Right the posterior view of marker placements, showing retroreflective markers placed on the posterior crests of the iliac spines (pelvis reference point) and a tracking marker placed right of the spine on the upper back (overall reference point)
Fig. 2
Fig. 2
A participant presented as; a photograph of in the laboratory on the treadmill, b the measured location of the reflective markers in three-dimensional space [presented in Qualisys Track Manager (QTM)] and c a three-dimensional model based on the identified markers, ready for analysis [presented in V3D (C-Motion Inc., Germantown, USA)]
Fig. 3
Fig. 3
A graphical representation of the range of motion measurements used in this experiment

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