Two domains in alpha interferons influence the efficacy of the antiviral response

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1987 Aug 31;147(1):47-55. doi: 10.1016/s0006-291x(87)80085-2.


Murine interferon-alpha 1 and murine interferon-alpha 4 share 80% of their amino acids, yet the proteins differ considerably in their ability to protect mouse or hamster cells against viral infection. With the aim of localizing areas within these proteins which influence the biological response we have constructed hybrid alpha 1 alpha 4 genes by means of homologous recombination of the parent genes. When the antiviral activities of these proteins were compared, it appeared that there are at least two domains that affect the biological response to these proteins: area A (amino acids 10-20) and area B (amino acids 55-67). These areas are presumably involved in the interaction between ligand and receptor. Most interestingly, hybrids in which area A from IFN-alpha 1 is combined with area B from alpha 4, have antiviral activities on homologous cells that are one to two orders of magnitude higher than those of the parent proteins.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antiviral Agents / physiology*
  • Cell Line
  • Cricetinae
  • Interferon Type I / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Recombinant Proteins / physiology
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Vesicular stomatitis Indiana virus / drug effects


  • Antiviral Agents
  • Interferon Type I
  • Recombinant Proteins