Clinical application of early gastric carcinoma with lymphoid stroma based on lymph node metastasis status

Gastric Cancer. 2017 Sep;20(5):793-801. doi: 10.1007/s10120-017-0703-z. Epub 2017 Feb 15.


Background: Gastric carcinoma with lymphoid stroma (GCLS) is characterized by undifferentiated carcinoma mixed with prominent lymphoid infiltration. GCLS has unique clinicopathological features and a better prognosis compared to other types of gastric cancer. We analyzed the clinicopathological features of early GCLS in relation to lymph node metastasis (LNM).

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 241 patients diagnosed with GCLS confined to the mucosa or the submucosa between March 1998 and December 2015. Their data were compared with those from 1219 patients who underwent resection for differentiated early gastric cancer (EGC).

Results: Of the 241 patients analyzed, 33 (13.7%) had intramucosal cancers and 208 (86.3%) had cancers that penetrated the submucosa. Compared to differentiated EGC, early GCLS was more prevalent in younger individuals and in men, tended to be proximally located, was highly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection (89.2%), and had a lower risk of LNM. The 5-year disease-specific survival rate of patients with early GCLS was 98.3% but depended significantly on LNM status (p < 0.001) and EBV infection status (p = 0.039). The risk of LNM from mucosal GCLS and submucosal GCLS was 0% [95% confidence interval (CI) 0-9.1] and 10% (95% CI 6.8-15.2), respectively. On multivariate analysis, LNM was found to be associated with tumor size (p = 0.022) and lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.002) in addition to tumor depth.

Conclusions: Early GCLS has distinct clinicopathological features depending on age, sex, tumor location, EBV infection status, and LNM status. Tailored therapies, including endoscopic treatment, are needed based on the distinct clinicopathological features of early GCLS.

Keywords: Early gastric cancer; Epstein–Barr virus; Gastric carcinoma with lymphoid stroma; Stomach.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Carcinoma / pathology*
  • Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / complications*
  • Female
  • Gastric Mucosa / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Survival Rate