Analysis of Lanthanide-Radical Magnetic Interactions in Ce(III) 2,2'-Bipyridyl Complexes

Inorg Chem. 2017 Mar 6;56(5):2496-2505. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b02683. Epub 2017 Feb 16.


A series of lanthanide complexes bearing organic radical ligands, [Ln(CpR)2(bipy·-)] [Ln = La, CpR = Cptt (1); Ln = Ce, CpR = Cptt (2); Ln = Ce, CpR = Cp″ (3); Ln = Ce, CpR = Cp‴ (4)] [Cptt = {C5H3tBu2-1,3}-; Cp″ = {C5H3(SiMe3)2-1,3}-; Cp‴ = {C5H2(SiMe3)3-1,2,4}-; bipy = 2,2'-bipyridyl], were prepared by reduction of [Ln(CpR)2(μ-I)]2 or [Ce(Cp‴)2(I) (THF)] with KC8 in the presence of bipy (THF = tetrahydrofuran). Complexes 1-4 were thoroughly characterized by structural, spectroscopic, and computational methods, together with magnetism and cyclic voltammetry, to define an unambiguous Ln(III)/bipy·- radical formulation. These complexes can act as selective reducing agents; for example, the reaction of 3 with benzophenone gives [{Ce(Cp")2(bipy)}22-O,O'-OPhC(C6H5)CPh2O}] (7), a rare example of a "head-to-tail" coupling product. We estimate the intramolecular exchange coupling for 2-4 using multiconfigurational and spin Hamiltonian methods and find that the commonly used Lines-type isotropic exchange is not appropriate, even for single 4f e-/organic radical pairs.