A Guide to the Variability of Flavonoids in Brassica oleracea

Molecules. 2017 Feb 8;22(2):252. doi: 10.3390/molecules22020252.


Flavonoids represent a typical secondary metabolite class present in cruciferous vegetables. Their potential as natural antioxidants has raised considerable scientific interest. Impacts on the human body after food consumption as well as their effect as pharmaceutical supplements are therefore under investigation. Their numerous physiological functions make them a promising tool for breeding purposes. General methods for flavonoid analysis are well established, though new compounds are still being identified. However, differences in environmental circumstances of the studies and analytical methods impede comparability of quantification results. To promote future investigations on flavonoids in cruciferous plants we provide a checklist on best-practice in flavonoid research and specific flavonoid derivatives that are valuable targets for further research, choosing a representative species of scientific interest, Brassica oleracea.

Keywords: anthocyanidin; breeding perspectives; flavonol; secondary metabolites; variation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biosynthetic Pathways
  • Brassica / chemistry*
  • Brassica / metabolism*
  • Flavonoids / chemistry*
  • Flavonoids / metabolism*
  • Phytochemicals / chemistry
  • Phytochemicals / metabolism
  • Secondary Metabolism


  • Flavonoids
  • Phytochemicals