Arthroscopic surgery of the hip, compared to that of the knee or the shoulder, has only recently been developed in any significant way. Current indications for arthroscopic surgery of the hip include: diagnosis and treatment of lesions symptomatic of the acetabular labrum, femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), chondral lesions, joint infections, lesions of the teres ligament, impingement of the psoas tendon, pathology of the peritrochanteric space, external snapping hip (coxa saltans), and traumatic and atraumatic instability. Principal indications for imaging of the hip with arthroscopic techniques are represented by persistent groin pain which may be caused by inadequate recognition or treatment of bone alteration of FAI, fractures in the site of resectioned bones, intra-articular adhesion, development of cartilaginous lesions, iatrogenic chondral lesions, recurrent lesions of the fibrocartilaginous acetabular labrum and heterotopic ossification. Postoperative checkup examinations can be undertaken with conventional radiography. The appearance or persistence of groin pain may be investigated using MRI, arthro-MRI and even CT scans.
Keywords: Arthro-MRI; Femoroacetabular impingement; Hip arthroscopy; Osteochondroplasty.