[Correlation of heart rate variability with SYNTAX II on chronic angina]

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2017;55 Suppl 1:S107-S111.
[Article in Spanish]


Background: The heart rate variability (HRV) is a prognostic value of cardiovascular risk. It is unknown the correlation between HRV and coronary severity on patients with chronic angina. The objective was to determine the correlation between HRV and the SYNTAX II score in chronic angina.

Methods: Cross-sectional study in patients of 18 years or older with stable angina and indication of coronary angiography who went to a third level center. The SYNTAX II score was established by using coronary angiography, while HRV was obtained by a 24-hour Holter ECG. The correlation between SYNTAX II and HRV was performed with Pearson's test. Values of SDNN < 100 ms and RMSSD < 15 ms were considered risk factors.

Results: 61 patients were included. 45 had a decreased value of SDNN (73.77%) and eight had a decreased value of RMSSD (13.11%). There was no correlation between HRV and SYNTAX II score. There were more events of ventricular tachycardia in the group of patients with low SDNN than in those with normal SDNN (15.5% vs. 0.0%; p = 0.04).

Conclusions: There was no correlation between HRV and the severity of coronary artery disease in stable chronic ischemic heart disease. However, those patients with low HRV showed more events of ventricular tachycardia.

Introducción: la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardiaca (VFC) es un valor pronóstico de riesgo cardiovascular. Se desconoce su correlación con la severidad de la cardiopatía isquémica estable. El objetivo fue conocer la correlación de la VFC con la puntuación SYNTAX II en angina crónica. Métodos: estudio transversal en pacientes mayores de 18 años con angina estable e indicación de coronariografía diagnóstica que asistieron a un centro de tercer nivel. Mediante coronariografía se estableció la puntuación SYNTAX II y se obtuvo la VFC por Holter de 24 horas. La correlación de las mediciones se obtuvo con la prueba de Pearson. Un valor de SDNN < 100 ms y de RMSSD < 15 ms se consideró de riesgo. Resultados: se incluyeron 61 pacientes. De ellos, 45 tenían disminución de los valores de SDNN (73.77%) y solo 8 tenían disminución de los valores RMSSD (13.11%). No hubo correlación de ningún parámetro de VFC con SYNTAX II. Hubo mayor frecuencia de taquicardia ventricular en el grupo SDNN bajo en comparación con SDNN normal (15.5 frente a 0.0%; p = 0.04). Conclusiones: no identificamos correlación de parámetros de VFC con la severidad de cardiopatía isquémica crónica. Sin embargo, aquellos pacientes con menor VFC presentaron mayor proporción de taquicardia ventricular.

Keywords: Chronic stable angina; Heart rate.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angina, Stable / diagnosis*
  • Angina, Stable / physiopathology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Electrocardiography, Ambulatory
  • Female
  • Heart Rate / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index*