Profiles of mental health care professionals based on work role performance

Psychiatr Q. 2017 Dec;88(4):827-838. doi: 10.1007/s11126-017-9500-4.


The worldwide burden of mental disorders is considerable, and on the rise, putting pressure on health care systems. Current reforms aim to improve the efficiency of mental health care systems by increasing service integration in communities and strengthening primary mental health care. In this context, mental health care professionals (MHPs) are increasingly required to work on interdisciplinary teams in a variety of settings. Little is known, however, about the profiles of MHPs in relation to their perceived work role performance. MHPs in Quebec (N = 315) from four local service networks completed a self-administered questionnaire eliciting information on individual and team characteristics, as well as team processes and states. Profiles of MHPs were created using a two-step cluster analysis. Five profiles were generated. MHPs belonging to profiles labelled senior medical outpatient specialized care MHPs and senior psychosocial outpatient specialized care MHPs perceived themselves as more performing than MHPs in other profiles. The profile labelled low-collaborators was significantly less performing than all other groups. Two other profiles were identified, positioned between the aforementioned groups in terms of the perceived performance of MHPs: the junior primary care MHPs and the diversified specialized care MHPs. Seniority within the team, delivering specialized type of care, and positive team processes were all features associated with profiles where perceived work performance was high. Overall, this study supports the case for initiatives aimed at improving stability and interdisciplinary collaboration in health teams, especially in primary care.

Keywords: Interdisciplinary collaboration; Mental health care professionals profile; Mental health care system; Primary mental health care; Work performance.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Health Personnel / classification*
  • Humans
  • Intersectoral Collaboration*
  • Male
  • Mental Health Services*
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Care Team*
  • Quebec
  • Work Performance*