Exploring relations among mindfulness facets and various meditation practices: Do they work in different ways?

Conscious Cogn. 2017 Mar;49:172-180. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2017.01.012. Epub 2017 Feb 20.

Abstract

Several meditation practices are associated with mindfulness-based interventions but little is known about their specific effects on the development of different mindfulness facets. This study aimed to assess the relations among different practice variables, types of meditation, and mindfulness facets. The final sample was composed of 185 participants who completed an on-line survey, including information on the frequency and duration of each meditation practice, lifetime practice, and the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire. A Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes structural model was specified, estimated, and tested. Results showed that the Model's overall fit was adequate: χ2 (1045)=1542.800 (p<0.001), CFI=0.902, RMSEA=0.042. Results revealed that mindfulness facets were uniquely related to the different variables and types of meditation. Our findings showed the importance of specific practices in promoting mindfulness, compared to compassion and informal practices, and they pointed out which one fits each mindfulness facet better.

Keywords: Attention; Body awareness; Emotion regulation; Mechanisms; Mindfulness.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attention / physiology*
  • Awareness / physiology*
  • Emotions / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meditation / psychology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Mindfulness*