Immunophenotyping of acute myeloid leukemia by immuno-alkaline phosphatase (APAAP) labeling with a panel of antibodies

Am J Hematol. 1987 Oct;26(2):157-66. doi: 10.1002/ajh.2830260206.

Abstract

A panel of eight antibodies was used by the alkaline-phosphatase/anti-alkaline phosphatase (APAAP) method to stain peripheral blood films, bone marrow smears, and cytocentrifuge preparations from 29 cases of acute myeloid leukemia. These findings were correlated with the French-American-British (FAB) classification. Leukemic cells from six cases of myeloblastic leukemia (FAB;M1) were predominantly labeled by the antimyeloperoxidase monoclonal antibody (MPO-7). Leukemic cells from the majority of eight cases of myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (FAB;M2) and progranulocytic leukemia (FAB;M3) stained with monoclonal antibodies MPO-7, NP57 (anti-elastase), and EBM11 (antimonocyte/macrophage). Leukemic cells from six cases of myelomonocytic (FAB;M4) and five cases of monocytic (FAB;M5) leukemia were most often labeled with antibodies MPO-7, NP57, and EBM11 as well as monoclonal antibodies Y1/82A (anti-monocyte) and KB90 (against the p150, 95 molecule, CD11c; a monocyte/granulocyte marker), but not with monoclonal antibody C17 (antiglycoprotein IIb/IIIa) and/or monoclonal antibody Y2/51 (antiglycoprotein IIIa). Erythroblasts from a single case of erythroleukemia (FAB;M6) were not labeled with any of the antibodies from this panel. Leukemic cells from two cases of acute megakaryocytic leukemia (FAB;M7) stained strongly with the monoclonal antiglycoprotein IIIa/IIb antibody (C17) and antiglycoprotein IIIa antibody (Y2/51). Staining by the APAAP method with this panel of antibodies was easy to perform, required no expensive instrumentation, and provided useful information in the classification of acute myeloid leukemia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alkaline Phosphatase / blood*
  • Alkaline Phosphatase / immunology
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology*
  • Histocytochemistry
  • Humans
  • Lactoferrin / analysis
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / classification*
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / enzymology
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology
  • Macrophages / immunology
  • Monocytes / immunology
  • Peroxidase / blood
  • Phenotype
  • Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins / analysis

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Peroxidase
  • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • Lactoferrin