Child's Sensory Profile and Adult Playfulness as Predictors of Parental Self-Efficacy

Am J Occup Ther. 2017 Mar/Apr;71(2):7102220010p1-7102220010p8. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2017.021097.


Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may have difficulty engaging their children through play, thus affecting the parent-child relationship and parental self-efficacy. This study intended to examine children's sensory profile and adults' playfulness as predictors of parental self-efficacy. A total of 136 parents of children ages 3-7 yr completed the Short Sensory Profile, the Playfulness Scale for Adults, and the Tool to Measure Parenting Self-Efficacy. For the parental couples of children with ASD, the most relevant predictor of general parental self-efficacy was the child's sensory profile. However, adult playfulness resulted in the most relevant predictor of emotional parental self-efficacy. Findings suggest the importance of considering play as a relevant co-occupation that must be acknowledged when intervening with families of children with ASD and considering the child's sensory modulation abilities, as well as parents' playfulness and sense of self-efficacy, as potential outcomes when designing and evaluating treatment programs.

MeSH terms

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder / physiopathology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Parenting / psychology*
  • Parents / psychology*
  • Play and Playthings / psychology*
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Sensation*