This case-control study aims to investigate the correlations of EGF G1380A, bFGF C754G and VEGF T460C polymorphisms with the susceptibility and prognosis of malignant melanoma. A total of 153 patients with multiple primary melanomas were collected as the case group and another 170 healthy individuals were selected as the control group. ELISA and PCR-RFLP were performed to test the serum level of VEGF and to analyze the genotype as well as allele frequencies of VEGF T460C, EGF G1380A, and bFGF C754G, respectively. The patients were assigned into complete remission (CR), partial remission (PR) and non-remission groups after treatment. HE and CD34 staining were conducted in tissue samples of CR and PR patients. Event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were measured. AA genotype of EGF G1380A and GG genotype of bFGF C754G had higher frequency distribution in the case group than the control group. Patients with AA genotype of EGF G1380 and GG genotype of bFGF C754G had an elevated VEGF level in comparison to other genotypes. Patients with GA+GG genotypes of EGF G1380A and CG+CC genotypes of bFGF C754G had higher EFS and OS than those with AA genotype and those with GG genotype, respectively. According to the haplotype analysis, the case group had a notably higher frequency of TAG and CAG along with while lower frequency of TGG and CGC compared with the control group. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the polymorphisms of EGF G1380A and bFGF C754G as well as the haploid TAG increased the susceptibility of malignant melanoma. The results indicated that EGF G1380A and bFGF C754G gene polymorphisms were associated with the susceptibility and prognosis of malignant melanoma, and that the polymorphisms of EGF G1380A and bFGF C754G as well as the haploid TAG increased the susceptibility of malignant melanoma.
Keywords: EGF G1380A; Genetic polymorphisms; Malignant melanoma; Prognosis; Susceptibility; VEGF T460C; bFGF C754G.
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