Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a stress-provoked ventricular arrhythmia, which also manifests sinoatrial node (SAN) dysfunction. We recently showed that SK4 calcium-activated potassium channels are important for automaticity of cardiomyocytes derived from human embryonic stem cells. Here SK4 channels were identified in human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) from healthy and CPVT2 patients bearing a mutation in calsequestrin 2 (CASQ2-D307H) and in SAN cells from WT and CASQ2-D307H knock-in (KI) mice. TRAM-34, a selective blocker of SK4 channels, prominently reduced delayed afterdepolarizations and arrhythmic Ca2+ transients observed following application of the β-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol in CPVT2-derived hiPSC-CMs and in SAN cells from KI mice. Strikingly, in vivo ECG recording showed that intraperitoneal injection of the SK4 channel blockers, TRAM-34 or clotrimazole, greatly reduced the arrhythmic features of CASQ2-D307H KI and CASQ2 knockout mice at rest and following exercise. This work demonstrates the critical role of SK4 Ca2+-activated K+ channels in adult pacemaker function, making them promising therapeutic targets for the treatment of cardiac ventricular arrhythmias such as CPVT.
Keywords: SK4; cardiac arrhythmia; catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia; pacemaker; potassium channel.
© 2017 The Authors. Published under the terms of the CC BY 4.0 license.