Background: Adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with very high risk sarcomas have poor outcomes and are in need of novel therapies.
Procedure: From January 2005 to February 2016, we retrospectively identified all AYA patients with relapsed or metastatic high-grade sarcomas, who were treated with at least one cycle of docetaxel (T), bevacizumab (A), and gemcitabine (G) (TAG ; T = 100 mg/m2 Day 8, A = 15 mg/kg Day 1, G = 1,000 mg/m2 Days 1 and 8).
Results: Fourteen patients, median age of 20 (15-30), received a total of 80 cycles of TAG, and were followed for a median of 83 months. Diagnosis included osteosarcoma (OST; 8), Ewing sarcoma (3), and soft tissue sarcoma (3). Five of 14 patients achieved clinical remission (CR), 3 had partial responses (PR), 3 had stable disease (SD), and 3 had progressive disease (PD). The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 7 and 19 months, respectively. The objective response rate (CR + PR) and tumor control rate (CR + PR + SD) were 57% and 79%, respectively, with two patients alive after 5 years; toxicities included thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and capillary leak syndrome.
Conclusions: Our study builds on previous studies utilizing TAG in adult leiomyosarcoma (LMS) by focusing on AYA, non-LMS sarcomas, especially OST. Our experience suggests that TAG is well tolerated and has activity in very high risk sarcomas in AYA.
Keywords: Ewing sarcoma; bevacizumab; docetaxel; gemcitabine; osteosarcoma; soft tissue sarcomas.
© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.