Postoperative Immobilization and Pain Management After Repair of Bladder Exstrophy

Curr Urol Rep. 2017 Mar;18(3):19. doi: 10.1007/s11934-017-0667-x.


Surgical repair of bladder exstrophy is an ongoing challenge for pediatric urologists. Postoperative immobilization is a mainstay of care to decrease tension on the repair site and is often utilized in conjunction with pelvic osteotomies performed in the same operative setting by pediatric orthopedic surgeons. Multiple pelvic immobilization techniques have been developed in conjunction with repair techniques including special techniques for neonates. The most commonly utilized techniques for pelvic immobilization are Buck's and Bryant's traction and spica casting. A multimodal pain management approach is critical with pelvic immobilization to minimize postoperative pain and anxiety associated with reconstructive surgery at a young age.

Keywords: Bladder exstrophy; Pain management; Pelvic osteotomy; Pelvic traction; Spica casting.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bladder Exstrophy / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Osteotomy
  • Pain Management*
  • Pain, Postoperative*
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures