Accumulating evidence indicates that ectopic expression of non-coding RNAs are responsible for breast cancer progression. Increased non-coding RNA PVT1, the host gene of microRNA-1207-5p (miR-1207-5p), has been associated with breast cancer proliferation. However, how PVT1 functions in breast cancer is still not clear. In this study, we show a PVT1-derived microRNA, miR-1207-5p, that promotes the proliferation of breast cancer cells by directly regulating STAT6. We first confirm the positive correlated expression pattern between PVT1 and miR-1207-5p by observing consistent induced expression by estrogen, and overexpression in breast cancer cell lines and breast cancer patient specimens. Moreover, silence of PVT1 also decreased miR-1207-5p expression. Furthermore, increased miR-1207-5p expression promoted, while decreased miR-1207-5p expression suppressed, cell proliferation, colony formation, and cell cycle progression in breast cancer cell lines. Mechanistically, a novel target of miR-1207-5p, STAT6, was identified by a luciferase reporter assay. Overexpression of miR-1207-5p decreased the levels of STAT6, which activated CDKN1A and CDKN1B to regulate the cell cycle. We also confirmed the reverse correlation of miR-1207-5p and STAT6 expression levels in breast cancer samples. Therefore, our findings reveal that PVT1-derived miR-1207-5p promotes the proliferation of breast cancer cells by targeting STAT6, which in turn controls CDKN1A and CDKN1B expression. These findings suggest miR-1207-5p might be a potential target for breast cancer therapy.
Keywords: Breast cancer; PVT1; STAT6; cell proliferation; miR-1207-5p.
© 2017 The Authors. Cancer Science published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Japanese Cancer Association.