Glaucoma treatment trends: a review

Can J Ophthalmol. 2017 Feb;52(1):114-124. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2016.07.013. Epub 2016 Nov 17.


Glaucoma is one of the most common causes of blindness worldwide, and its prevalence is increasing. The aim of the present review is to describe the current medical and surgical treatment trends in the management of open-angle glaucoma. There has been an increase in the availability of glaucoma medications and the use of laser trabeculoplasty over the past decade, with a subsequent decrease in invasive incisional surgery. In addition, a new class of glaucoma procedures, termed microinvasive glaucoma surgery, has emerged, which aims to fill the gap between conservative medical management and more invasive surgery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Glaucoma / physiopathology
  • Glaucoma / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure*
  • Laser Therapy / trends*
  • Trabeculectomy / trends*