Preliminary Results and Learning Curve of the Minimally Invasive Chevron Akin Operation for Hallux Valgus

J Foot Ankle Surg. 2017 May-Jun;56(3):445-452. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2017.01.002. Epub 2017 Feb 22.


Minimally invasive surgery is increasing in popularity. It is relevant in hallux valgus surgery owing to the potential for reduced disruption of the soft tissues and improved wound healing. We present our results and assess the learning curve of the minimally invasive Chevron Akin operation for hallux valgus. A total of 120 consecutive feet underwent minimally invasive Chevron Akin for symptomatic hallux valgus, of which 14 were excluded. They were followed up for a mean of 25 (range 18 to 38) months. The patients were clinically assessed using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society score. Complications and patient satisfaction were recorded. The radiographs were analyzed and measurements recorded for hallux valgus and intermetatarsal angle correction. The mean age of the patients undergoing surgery was 55 (range 25 to 81) years. Of the 78 patients, 76 (97.4%) were female and 2 (2.6%) were male; 28 (35.9%) cases were bilateral. The mean American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society score improved from 56 (range 23 to 76) preoperatively to 87 (range 50 to 100) postoperatively (p < .001). The mean hallux valgus and intermetatarsal angles preoperatively were 29.7° (range 12° to 46°) and 14.0° (range 8° to 20°). The corresponding postoperative angles were 10.3° (range 0° to 25°) and 7.6° (range 3° to 15°; p < .001). The patients were satisfied with the results of surgery in 87% of cases (92 of 106). The incidence of reoperation was 14% (15 of 106). These are the only reported results for this technique. They display a steep associated learning curve. However, the results are promising, and the learning curve is comparable to that for open hallux valgus surgery.

Keywords: bunion; hallux valgus; metatarsal; minimally invasive; osteotomy.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Hallux Valgus / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Learning Curve
  • Male
  • Metatarsal Bones / diagnostic imaging
  • Metatarsal Bones / surgery
  • Metatarsophalangeal Joint / surgery
  • Middle Aged
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / education*
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / instrumentation
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Orthopedic Procedures / instrumentation
  • Orthopedic Procedures / methods*
  • Osteotomy / methods
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Radiography