Four-year Persistence of Type-Specific Immunity After Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus Vaccination in HIV-infected Children: Effect of a Fourth Dose of Vaccine

Vaccine. 2017 Mar 23;35(13):1712-1720. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.02.021. Epub 2017 Feb 24.


Objective: Although HIV-infected children are recommended to receive quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (QHPV) there is limited information on their response to QHPV. This study in HIV-infected children, evaluated the magnitude and duration of immune responses to QHPV. This report describes type-specific serum antibody responses over a 4-to-5year period after either 3 or 4 doses of QHPV.

Design/methods: HIV-infected children, ages 7-to-11years, received 3 doses of QHPV (n=96) or placebo (n=30). At 72weeks QHPV recipients received a fourth dose (n=84), while placebo recipients began the 3-dose QHPV schedule (n=27). HPV serotype-specific antibody was determined, by competitive Luminex immunoassay (cLIA) and IgG Luminex immunoassay, at 2, 3.5, and 4-to-5years after the last dose of QHPV in each treatment arm.

Results: At 4-to-5years after the last dose of QHPV, antibody titers were significantly higher in 4-dose than in 3-dose group. However, the proportion of vaccinees with a seroresponse in the cLIA assay was not different between the two groups (86-93% for HPV types 6, 11, and 16, and 64% for HPV type 18). These results were very similar to the seroresponse rate in these HIV-infected children at 1month after completing vaccination.

Conclusions: Children with well-controlled HIV infection who receive 3 doses of the QHPV vaccine maintain seropositivity and antibody levels that are generally similar to children of the same age who are not HIV-infected. Antibody titer correlated strongly with low log HIV RNA, low CD8%, and high CD4%. Additionally, a fourth dose of vaccine in HIV-infected children produces a marked rise in antibody characteristic of an anamnestic response and persistence of high antibody levels. Study identification: IMPAACT P1085 (V501-021). CLINICALTRIALS.GOV identifier: NCT01206556.

Keywords: Antibody response; Human papillomavirus vaccine; Pediatric HIV infection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Viral / blood*
  • Child
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • Human Papillomavirus Recombinant Vaccine Quadrivalent, Types 6, 11, 16, 18 / administration & dosage
  • Human Papillomavirus Recombinant Vaccine Quadrivalent, Types 6, 11, 16, 18 / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immunization, Secondary*
  • Immunoassay
  • Male
  • Papillomavirus Infections / prevention & control*
  • Placebos / administration & dosage
  • Time Factors


  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Human Papillomavirus Recombinant Vaccine Quadrivalent, Types 6, 11, 16, 18
  • Placebos

Associated data