Introduction: Penile prosthetic devices are the gold standard treatment of medication-refractory erectile dysfunction. Inflatable penile prosthetic (IPP) devices have been available and used for more than four decades. Oftentimes, medical conditions causing erectile dysfunction also cause penile shortening, causing decreased patient quality of life.
Aim: To identify and review all available penile lengthening procedures that can be performed at time of IPP insertion.
Methods: An extensive, systematic literature review was performed using PubMed searching for key terms penile lengthening, inflatable penile prosthesis, penile girth, corporoplasty, glans augmentation, and penile enhancement; all articles with subjective and/or objective penile length outcomes were reviewed.
Main outcome measures: A review of various techniques for penile length and girth preservation and enhancement during penile prosthesis insertion.
Results: Several advanced and novel techniques were found for penile length preservation and enhancement at time of IPP insertion, including the sub-coronal IPP insertion technique, and adjuvant maneuvers during insertion, such as the sliding technique, modified sliding technique, multiple slice technique, and circumferential incision and grafting. Other adjuvant techniques that can enhance perception of increased length include ventral phalloplasty, suprapubic lipectomy, and suspensory ligament release. Further enhancement can be obtained using augmentation corporoplasty and glans augmentation with hyaluronic acid and other fillers. The different techniques vary in complexity and could require specialized training and experience. Maximum length gain appears to be limited by the length of the neurovascular bundles.
Conclusion: Overall, surgical penile lengthening procedures at time of IPP insertion appear safe and effective for treatment of patients with penile shortening and severe erectile dysfunction. These therapies can significantly improve patient self-esteem and quality of life in properly selected patients. Tran H, Goldfarb R, Ackerman A, Valenxuela RJ. Penile Lengthening, Girth and Size Preservation at the Time of Penile Prosthesis Insertion. Sex Med Rev 2017;5:403-412.
Keywords: Inflatable Penile Prosthesis; Malleable Penile Prosthesis; Penile Augmentation; Penile Implant; Penile Lengthening; Penile Prosthesis.
Copyright © 2017 International Society for Sexual Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.