Mechanisms of embryonic stomach development

Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2017 Jun;66:36-42. doi: 10.1016/j.semcdb.2017.02.004. Epub 2017 Feb 24.

Abstract

The stomach is a digestive organ that has important roles in human physiology and pathophysiology. The developmental origin of the stomach is the embryonic foregut, which also gives rise a number of other structures. There are several signaling pathways and transcription factors that are known to regulate stomach development at different stages, including foregut patterning, stomach specification, and gastric regionalization. These developmental events have important implications in later homeostasis and disease in the adult stomach. Here we will review the literature that has shaped our current understanding of the molecular mechanisms that coordinate gastric organogenesis. Further we will discuss how developmental paradigms have guided recent efforts to differentiate stomach tissue from pluripotent stem cells.

Keywords: Antrum; Corpus; Endoderm; Foregut; Fundus; Stomach.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Embryonic Development / genetics*
  • Endoderm / embryology*
  • Humans
  • Stomach / embryology*
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*

Substances

  • Transcription Factors