Intermediate CD14++CD16+ monocyte predicts severe coronary stenosis and extensive plaque involvement in asymptomatic individuals

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 Aug;33(8):1223-1236. doi: 10.1007/s10554-017-1097-z. Epub 2017 Feb 26.

Abstract

Circulating leukocyte subtypes and monocyte subsets are independent predictors of cardiovascular events. We hypothesized that an increased leukocyte subtype would predict severe coronary stenosis and extensive plaque involvement. We retrospectively analyzed clinical, laboratory, and coronary CT data in a total of 588 asymptomatic adults (69% men; mean age, 57 ± 9 years) undergoing a general health check-up. Intermediate CD14++CD16+ monocyte count had the strongest association with mixed and calcified plaque scores, whereas the numbers of neutrophils and classical CD14++CD16- monocytes were significantly associated with non-calcified plaque score. Only high CD14++CD16+ monocyte count (>12 cells/μL) significantly predicted extensive plaque involvement [odds ratio 3.16 (95% confidence interval 1.84-5.43), P < 0.001; quartile 4 vs. 1-3] and severe coronary stenosis [3.67 (1.84-7.33), P < 0.001; quartile 4 vs. 1-3] after adjustments for Framingham Risk Score (FRS), metabolic syndrome, and C-reactive protein. The CD14++CD16+ monocyte count, when added to FRS, significantly reclassified 30.4 and 26.7% of the overall and 50.2 and 36.2% of the intermediate-risk population (FRS 6-20%) for predicting extensive plaque involvement and severe coronary stenosis, respectively. Thus, in asymptomatic individuals, intermediate CD14++CD16+ monocyte could independently predict severe CAD and improve risk stratification.

Keywords: Coronary CT angiography; Coronary artery disease; Coronary plaque; Leukocyte subtypes; Monocyte subsets.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Asymptomatic Diseases
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Computed Tomography Angiography*
  • Coronary Angiography / methods*
  • Coronary Stenosis / blood
  • Coronary Stenosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Coronary Stenosis / immunology*
  • Coronary Vessels / diagnostic imaging*
  • Female
  • GPI-Linked Proteins / blood
  • Humans
  • Leukocyte Count
  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors / blood*
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monocytes / immunology*
  • Multidetector Computed Tomography*
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Odds Ratio
  • Plaque, Atherosclerotic*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prognosis
  • Receptors, IgG / blood*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Vascular Calcification / blood
  • Vascular Calcification / diagnostic imaging
  • Vascular Calcification / immunology

Substances

  • Biomarkers
  • FCGR3B protein, human
  • GPI-Linked Proteins
  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors
  • Receptors, IgG