Klavuzon is a naphthalen-1-yl substituted α,β-unsaturated δ-lactone derivative, and is one of the anti-proliferative members of this class of compounds. Asymmetric and racemic syntheses of novel α,β-unsaturated δ-lactone derivatives are important to investigate their potential for the treatment of cancer. In this study, asymmetric and racemic syntheses of heteroatom-substituted klavuzon derivatives are reported. The syntheses were completed by a well-known three-step procedure. Anti-proliferative activity of seven novel racemic klavuzon derivatives were reported against MCF-7, PC3, HCT116 p53+/+ and HCT116 p53-/- cancer cell lines. Topoisomerase I inhibitory properties of 5,6-dihydro-2H-pyran-2-one derivatives were also studied.
Keywords: Anti-proliferative activity; Klavuzon; Topoisomerase I inhibition; α,β-Unsaturated δ-lactone.
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