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Multicenter Study
, 15 (6), 1106-1114

Population Pharmacokinetics of Recombinant Coagulation Factor VIII-SingleChain in Patients With Severe Hemophilia A

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Multicenter Study

Population Pharmacokinetics of Recombinant Coagulation Factor VIII-SingleChain in Patients With Severe Hemophilia A

Y Zhang et al. J Thromb Haemost.

Abstract

Essentials rVIII-SingleChain is a unique recombinant factor VIII (FVIII) molecule. A population pharmacokinetic model was based on FVIII activity of severe hemophilia A patients. The model was used to simulate factor VIII activity-time profiles for various dosing scenarios. The model supports prolonged dosing of rVIII-SingleChain with intervals of up to twice per week.

Summary: Background Single-chain recombinant coagulation factor VIII (rVIII-SingleChain) is a unique recombinant coagulation factor VIII molecule. Objectives To: (i) characterize the population pharmacokinetics (PK) of rVIII-SingleChain in patients with severe hemophilia A; (ii) identify correlates of variability in rVIII-SingleChain PK; and (iii) simulate various dosing scenarios of rVIII-SingleChain. Patients/Methods A population PK model was developed, based on FVIII activity levels of 130 patients with severe hemophilia A (n = 91 for ≥ 12-65 years; n = 39 for < 12 years) who had participated in a single-dose PK investigation with rVIII-SingleChain 50 IU kg-1 . PK sampling was performed for up to 96 h. Results A two-compartment population PK model with first-order elimination adequately described FVIII activity. Body weight and predose level of von Willebrand factor were significant covariates on clearance, and body weight was a significant covariate on the central distribution volume. Simulations using the model with various dosing scenarios estimated that > 85% and > 93% of patients were predicted to maintain FVIII activity level above 1 IU dL-1 , at all times with three-times-weekly dosing (given on days 0, 2, and 4.5) at the lowest (20 IU kg-1 ) and highest (50 IU kg-1 ) doses, respectively. For twice weekly dosing (days 0 and 3.5) of 50 IU kg-1 rVIII-SingleChain, 62-80% of patients across all ages were predicted to maintain a FVIII activity level above 1 IU dL-1 at day 7. Conclusions The population PK model adequately characterized rVIII-SingleChain PK, and the model can be utilized to simulate FVIII activity-time profiles for various dosing scenarios.

Keywords: factor VIII; hemophilia A; pharmacokinetics; recombinant proteins.

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