Absorption Profile of (Poly)Phenolic Compounds after Consumption of Three Food Supplements Containing 36 Different Fruits, Vegetables, and Berries

Nutrients. 2017 Feb 26;9(3):194. doi: 10.3390/nu9030194.


The market of plant-based nutraceuticals and food supplements is continuously growing due to the increased consumer demand. The introduction of new products with relevant nutritional characteristics represents a new way of providing bioactive compounds and (poly)phenols to consumers, becoming a strategy to ideally guarantee the health benefits attributed to plant foodstuffs and allowing the increase of daily bioactive compound intake. A paramount step in the study of nutraceuticals is the evaluation of the bioavailability and metabolism of their putatively active components. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the absorption profile of the (poly)phenolic compounds contained in three different plant-based food supplements, made of 36 different plant matrices, which were consumed by 20 subjects in an open one-arm study design. Blood samples were collected at baseline and 1, 2, 5, and 10 h after capsule intake. Twenty quantifiable metabolites deriving from different (poly)phenolic compounds were identified. Results showed that the consumption of the three capsules allowed the effective absorption of several (poly)phenolic compounds and metabolites appearing at different times in plasma, thereby indicating different absorption profiles. The capsules thus ensured potential health-promoting molecules to be potentially available to target tissues and organs.

Keywords: (poly)phenolic compounds; absorption; capsules; fruit and vegetables.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Capsules
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Female
  • Fruit and Vegetable Juices
  • Fruit*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Plant Preparations / administration & dosage*
  • Polyphenols / administration & dosage
  • Polyphenols / pharmacokinetics*
  • Vegetables*
  • Young Adult


  • Capsules
  • Plant Preparations
  • Polyphenols