Relationship between the degree and direction of nasal septum deviation and nasal bone morphology

Head Face Med. 2017 Feb 28;13(1):3. doi: 10.1186/s13005-017-0136-2.


Background: Nasal septal deviation may affect nasal bone growth and facial morphology. Knowledge of nasal morphologic parameters may plays an important role in planning successful rhinoplasty and septoplasty operation. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between the direction and degree of nasal septal deviation with nasal bone morphology, along with factors such as age and gender.

Methods: Maxillofacial computed tomography (CT) of 250 patients with nasal septal deviation was analyzed retrospectively in this study. We excluded patients with factors that could affect their nasal bone morphology, and a total of 203 patients (111 males, 92 females; mean age, 36.23 years; age range, 18-79 years) were evaluated. The nasal deviation angle was measured on coronal CT images as the angle between the most deviated point of the septum, and the midline nasal morphology was determined by measuring nasal length, internasal angle and lateral and intermediate nasal thickness on both sides.

Results: The deviation of nasal septum has been detected as to the right in 107 patients (52.7%) and to the left in 96 patients (47.3%). Lateral and intermediate nasal bone thickness and nasal bone length were significantly greater on the ipsilateral deviation side (Table 3). No significant correlation was found between the variation of the nasal deviation angle and nasal bone morphology (Table 4). There were significant differences between the sexes for all investigated parameters except for the nasal deviation angle (p = 0.660). We found that the only internasal angle increases with aging (p = 0.002).

Conclusion: The study shows that the direction of nasal septal deviation may be a factor that affects nasal bone morphology.

Keywords: Nasal bone; Nasal septum; Rhinoplasty; Septoplasty.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Cohort Studies
  • Facial Asymmetry / diagnostic imaging
  • Facial Asymmetry / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nasal Obstruction / diagnostic imaging
  • Nasal Obstruction / surgery
  • Nasal Septum / abnormalities*
  • Nasal Septum / diagnostic imaging*
  • Nasal Septum / surgery
  • Pregnancy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Rhinoplasty / methods*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sex Factors
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome