Effect of monomer type on the CC degree of conversion, water sorption and solubility, and color stability of model dental composites

Dent Mater. 2017 Apr;33(4):394-401. doi: 10.1016/j.dental.2017.01.010. Epub 2017 Feb 27.


Objective: This study has investigated the influence of BisGMA, BisEMA, BisEMA 30, and two UDMA-based monomers (UDMA and Fit 852), with TEGDMA as co-monomer, on the degree of conversion, water sorption, water solubility, and optical properties of experimental dental composites.

Methods: Materials were formulated at 70/30 molar rations using BisGMA, BisEMA, BisEMA 30, UDMA or FIT 852, as base monomers, combined with TEGDMA. 60wt% of silanated-glass particles was added. Degree of conversion (DC) and polymerization kinetics were monitored using Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy in the near-IR range. Water sorption (Wsp) and solubility (Wsl) were assessed using mass variation after 60days water storage. Color was evaluated using a digital spectrophotometer, applying the CIELab parameters 24h after dry storage and 60days after water immersion to calculate ΔE values. All data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test (pre-set alpha=0.05).

Results: The BisGMA-based co-monomer mixture presented the lowest DC (62±1%), whereas BisEMA 30 had the highest DC value (95±2%). The highest Wsp was observed for BisEMA 30 (12.2±0.8%), and the lowest for BisEMA (0.4±0.1%). BisEMA has shown the lowest Wsl (0.03±0.01%) and BisEMA 30 the highest one (0.97±0.1%). The ΔE values showed that BisEMA 30 (7.3 color units) and Fit 852 (3.8 color units) altered the color stability providing ΔE>3.3, which is considered clinically unacceptable.

Conclusions: The chemical composition and structure of the base monomer influenced the degree of conversion, water sorption, water solubility, and color stability. Considering the overall results, it is possible to state that the base monomer BisEMA mixed with the co-monomer TEGDMA presented the best performance in terms of all the parameters tested.

Significance: The resin matrix composition might influence physical property degradation processes and color stability of dental resin composites. Formulations based on BisEMA seem most promising for materials' development.

Keywords: Color stability; FTIR spectroscopy; Resin composite; Water solubility; Water sorption.

MeSH terms

  • Composite Resins*
  • Dental Materials*
  • Materials Testing
  • Methacrylates
  • Polymerization
  • Solubility
  • Water


  • Composite Resins
  • Dental Materials
  • Methacrylates
  • Water