Introduction: The Leo stent was the first retrievable stent for endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms (IAs). We report our experience with this device with emphasis on very long-term follow-up.
Methods: This study was approved by authors' ethical committee. A retrospective review of our prospectively maintained database identified all patients treated for a saccular IA with this stent in our institution. Technical issues and immediate and long-term outcomes (at least 12 months) were evaluated.
Results: Between 2004 and 2015, 50 patients with 52 IAs were identified. In two patients, the stent could not safely be placed (failure rate = 3.8%). Among 48 treated patients with 50 IAs, there were 44 women and 4 men (mean age, 53 years). Mean aneurysm diameter was 7.2 mm. All IAs but six were wide-necked. There was no immediate morbidity or mortality. Anatomical results included 76% complete occlusions, 22% neck remnants, and 2% incomplete occlusions. Mean follow-up was 50.2 months (range, 12-139 months). Two patients had delayed TIAs but long-term morbidity rate remained = 0%. At follow-up, occlusion was stable in 68% IAs, showed thrombosis in 12%, and recanalization in 20% IAs. Complementary treatment was required in 8% IAs. Final results showed 70% complete occlusions, 24% neck remnants, and 6% incomplete occlusions. Asymptomatic stent occlusion and significant stenosis occurred in one and two cases, respectively.
Conclusion: The Leo stent is safe and effective for treatment of wide-necked saccular IAs. Very long-term results show high rates of adequate and stable occlusion. Moreover, the stent is well tolerated.
Keywords: Coiling; Intracranial aneurysms; Stent.