Background: Details regarding the functional properties of paprika seed oil are relatively scarce. In this study the hypolipidaemic effects and mechanisms of paprika seed oil on Sprague-Dawley rats are explored, which may improve the usage of paprika seed source and provide a theoretical basis of paprika seed oil for the alleviation of hyperlipidaemia.
Results: In capsaicin and paprika seed oil (PSO) groups, total cholesterol (TC) and total triglyceride (TG) in serum and liver lipids of rats were significantly decreased (P < 0.05). The contents of serum HDL cholesterol were increased and the contents of serum LDL cholesterol were decreased (P < 0.05). Real-time PCR analyses revealed that the hepatic mRNA expression of fatty acid synthetase (FAS) is decreased and the expression levels of HSL is increased (P < 0.05). The mRNA expression of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) is decreased and the expression levels of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) is significantly improved (P < 0.05). The cholesterol 7-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) expression is regulated to control the cholesterol-to-bile acid transformation and cholesterol excretion is promoted. Capsaicin and unsaturated fatty acid PSO can activate and improve the mRNA expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1) and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors (PPARα).
Conclusion: The hypolipidaemic effects of paprika seed oil (PSO) may be attributed to the inhibition of lipid synthesis via suppressing the expression of HMG-CoAR, CYP7A1 and FAS, meanwhile, promoting the metabolism and excretion of lipids via up-regulating the expression of LDLR, HSL, TRPV1 and PPARα. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.
Keywords: capsaicin; hyperlipidaemic rats; hypolipidaemic effects; mRNA expression; male SD rats; paprika seed oil.
© 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.