In situ heart valve tissue engineering using a bioresorbable elastomeric implant - From material design to 12 months follow-up in sheep

Biomaterials. 2017 May;125:101-117. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2017.02.007. Epub 2017 Feb 8.


The creation of a living heart valve is a much-wanted alternative for current valve prostheses that suffer from limited durability and thromboembolic complications. Current strategies to create such valves, however, require the use of cells for in vitro culture, or decellularized human- or animal-derived donor tissue for in situ engineering. Here, we propose and demonstrate proof-of-concept of in situ heart valve tissue engineering using a synthetic approach, in which a cell-free, slow degrading elastomeric valvular implant is populated by endogenous cells to form new valvular tissue inside the heart. We designed a fibrous valvular scaffold, fabricated from a novel supramolecular elastomer, that enables endogenous cells to enter and produce matrix. Orthotopic implantations as pulmonary valve in sheep demonstrated sustained functionality up to 12 months, while the implant was gradually replaced by a layered collagen and elastic matrix in pace with cell-driven polymer resorption. Our results offer new perspectives for endogenous heart valve replacement starting from a readily-available synthetic graft that is compatible with surgical and transcatheter implantation procedures.

Keywords: Biodegradable polymers; Cardiovascular tissue engineering; Endogenous regeneration; Pulmonary valve replacement; Regenerative biomaterials; Supramolecular chemistry.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Absorbable Implants*
  • Animals
  • Bioprosthesis*
  • Elastomers / chemistry*
  • Equipment Failure Analysis
  • Female
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis*
  • Materials Testing
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Prosthesis Implantation
  • Pulmonary Valve / growth & development*
  • Pulmonary Valve / surgery*
  • Sheep
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Elastomers