Cross-Cultural Adaptation of the Profile Fitness Mapping Neck Questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese: Internal Consistency, Reliability, and Construct and Structural Validity

J Manipulative Physiol Ther. Mar-Apr 2017;40(3):176-186. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2017.01.004. Epub 2017 Mar 1.


Objective: The purpose of this study was to adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the ProFitMap-neck to Brazilian Portuguese.

Methods: The cross-cultural adaptation consisted of 5 stages, and 180 female patients with chronic neck pain participated in the study. A subsample (n = 30) answered the pretest, and another subsample (n = 100) answered the questionnaire a second time. Internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity (hypothesis testing and structural validity) were estimated. For construct validity, the scores of the questionnaire were correlated with the Neck Disability Index (NDI), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), and the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36).

Results: Internal consistency was determined by adequate Cronbach's α values (α > 0.70). Strong reliability was identified by high intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC > 0.75). Construct validity was identified by moderate and strong correlations of the Br-ProFitMap-neck with total NDI score (-0.56 <R < -0.71) and with the SF-36, HADS-anxiety, HADS-depression, and TSK (-0.32 <R < -0.82). Exploratory factor analysis revealed 2 factors for the Symptom scale: intensity index and the Function scale. Symptom scale-frequency index identified 1 factor. Structural validity was determined by percentage of cumulative variance >50%, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin index > 0.50, eigenvalue > 1, and factor loadings > 0.2.

Conclusion: Br-ProFitMap-neck had adequate psychometric properties and can be used in clinical settings, as well as research, in patients with chronic neck pain.

Keywords: Neck Pain; Patient Outcome Assessment; Reproducibility of Results; Validity of Results.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Chronic Pain / diagnosis*
  • Chronic Pain / ethnology
  • Chronic Pain / physiopathology
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison*
  • Disability Evaluation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Neck Pain / diagnosis*
  • Neck Pain / ethnology
  • Neck Pain / physiopathology
  • Portugal / ethnology
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surveys and Questionnaires