Cultural competency of a mobile, customized patient education tool for improving potential kidney transplant recipients' knowledge and decision-making

Clin Transplant. 2017 May;31(5). doi: 10.1111/ctr.12944. Epub 2017 Apr 9.


Patients considering renal transplantation face an increasingly complex array of choices as a result of the revised kidney transplant allocation system. Decision aids have been shown to improve patient decision-making through the provision of detailed, relevant, individualized clinical data. A mobile iOS-based application (app) including animated patient education and individualized risk-adjusted outcomes following kidney transplants with varying donor characteristics and DSA waiting times was piloted in two large US transplant programs with a diverse group of renal transplant candidates (N = 81). The majority (86%) of patients felt that the app improved their knowledge and was culturally appropriate for their race/ethnicity (67%-85%). Patients scored significantly higher on transplant knowledge testing (9.1/20 to 13.8/20, P < .001) after viewing the app, including patients with low health literacy (8.0 to 13.0, P < .001). Overall knowledge of and interest in living and deceased donor kidney transplantation increased. This pilot project confirmed the benefit and cultural acceptability of this educational tool, and further refinement will explore how to better communicate the risks and benefits of nonstandard donors.

Keywords: EPTS; KPDI; kidney transplant; living donor; outcomes research; patient education.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cell Phone / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cultural Competency*
  • Decision Making*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Transplantation*
  • Living Donors
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement
  • Transplant Recipients / education*
  • Young Adult