Objectives: Rising evidences showed a possible protective role of statins in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We aimed to evaluate in a post-hoc analysis of the GISSI-HF trial the prognostic effect of the use of rosuvastatin in patients with co-existing COPD and HF, assuming that the anti-inflammatory properties of these drugs may imply a potential beneficial effect in these associated chronic inflammatory conditions.
Methods: We analyzed patients with chronic HF and history of COPD deriving from the GISSI-HF study. Of all 4574 patients eligible to statin, 1060 ambulatory patients with HF and concomitant COPD were enrolled and randomly assigned to rosuvastatin 10 mg daily (538 patients) or placebo (522 patients). The primary end-point was to compare all cause death rate in patients randomized to rosuvastatin or placebo. Further, we assessed the effects of rosuvastatin (10 mg daily) on cardiovascular (CV) death, non-CV death and hospital admissions. Median follow-up was 3.9 years with an interquartile range (IQR) of 3.0-4.4.
Results: During the follow-up 438 (41.3%) patients died, 304 (28.6%) for CV death and 687 (64.8%) had at least one hospitalization. The two patient groups had similar outcome, irrespective of randomization, in terms of all-cause mortality (log-rank test p = 0.30) CV, non CV-death (p = 0.88 and 0.09 respectively) and all-cause hospitalization (p = 0.82). Cox regression analysis did not show a favorable association between the use of statin and the examined end-points both on unadjusted and adjusted models.
Conclusions: Statin use is not associated with a beneficial effects on all cause, CV, non CV mortality and hospitalization in patients with coexistent chronic HF and history of COPD. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00336336.
Keywords: Chronic heart failure; Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; Pleiotropic effects; Statin.
Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.