Support vector machine classification of Parkinson's disease and essential tremor subjects based on temporal fluctuation

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2016 Aug;2016:6389-6392. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2016.7592190.

Abstract

Tremor is a common symptom shared in both Parkinson's disease (PD) and Essential tremor (ET) subjects. The differential diagnosis of PD and ET tremor is important since the realization of treatment depends on specific medication. A novel feature is developed based on a hypothesis that tremor of PD subject has a larger fluctuation during resting than action task. Tremor signal is collected using a triaxial gyroscope sensor attached to subject's finger during kinetic and resting task. The angular velocity signal is analyzed by transforming a one-dimensional to two-dimensional signal using a relation of signal and its delay versions. Tremor fluctuation is defined as the area of 95% confidence ellipse covering the two-dimensional signal. The tremor fluctuation during kinetic and resting task is used as classification features. The support vector machine is used as a classifier and tested with 10-fold cross-validation. This novel feature provides a perfect PD/ET classification with 100% accuracy, sensitivity and specificity.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Essential Tremor / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Parkinson Disease / diagnosis*
  • Rest
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Support Vector Machine*
  • Time Factors