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, 2016, 1822-1831
eCollection

Accelerating Chart Review Using Automated Methods on Electronic Health Record Data for Postoperative Complications

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Accelerating Chart Review Using Automated Methods on Electronic Health Record Data for Postoperative Complications

Zhen Hu et al. AMIA Annu Symp Proc.

Abstract

Manual Chart Review (MCR) is an important but labor-intensive task for clinical research and quality improvement. In this study, aiming to accelerate the process of extracting postoperative outcomes from medical charts, we developed an automated postoperative complications detection application by using structured electronic health record (EHR) data. We applied several machine learning methods to the detection of commonly occurring complications, including three subtypes of surgical site infection, pneumonia, urinary tract infection, sepsis, and septic shock. Particularly, we applied one single-task and five multi-task learning methods and compared their detection performance. The models demonstrated high detection performance, which ensures the feasibility of accelerating MCR. Specifically, one of the multi-task learning methods, propensity weighted observations (PWO) demonstrated the highest detection performance, with single-task learning being a close second.

Figures

Figure 1.
Figure 1.
A hierarchical structure among postoperative complications
Figure 2.
Figure 2.
Detection performance of six models for all nine tasks, showing the mean and 95% CI

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