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. May-Jun 2017;17(4):443-449.
doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2016.10.015. Epub 2017 Mar 9.

Quality of Primary Care for Children With Disabilities Enrolled in Medicaid

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Quality of Primary Care for Children With Disabilities Enrolled in Medicaid

Alyna T Chien et al. Acad Pediatr. .

Abstract

Objective: The quality of primary care delivered to Medicaid-insured children with disabilities (CWD) is unknown. We used the newly validated CWD algorithm (CWDA) to examine CWD prevalence among Medicaid enrollees 1 to 18 years old, primary care quality for CWD, and differences in primary care quality for CWD and non-CWD.

Methods: Cross-sectional study using 2008 Medicaid Analytic eXtract claims data from 9 states, including children with at least 11 months of enrollment (N = 2,671,922 enrollees). We utilized CWDA to identify CWD and applied 12 validated or endorsed pediatric quality measures to assess preventive/screening, acute, and chronic disease care quality. We compared quality for CWD and non-CWD unmatched and matched on age, sex, and number of nondisabling chronic conditions and outpatient encounters.

Results: CWDA identified 5.3% (n = 141,384) of our study population as CWD. Care quality levels for CWD were below 50% on 8 of 12 quality measures (eg, adolescent well visits [44.9%], alcohol/drug treatment engagement [24.9%]). CWD care quality was significantly better than the general population of non-CWD by +0.9% to +15.6% on 9 measures, but significantly worse for 2 measures, chlamydia screening (-3.4%) and no emergency department visits for asthma (-5.0%; all P < .01 to .001). Differences in care quality between CWD and non-CWD were generally smaller or changed direction when CWD were compared to a general population or matched group of non-CWD.

Conclusions: One in 20 Medicaid-insured children is CWD, and the quality of primary care delivered to CWD is suboptimal. Areas needing improvement include preventive/screening, acute care, and chronic disease management.

Keywords: Medicaid; children; disabilities; pediatrics; quality of care.

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