The use of the buccal fat pad flap for oral reconstruction

Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017 Feb 25;39(1):5. doi: 10.1186/s40902-017-0105-5. eCollection 2017 Dec.


Many congenital and acquired defects occur in the maxillofacial area. The buccal fat pad flap (BFP) is a simple and reliable flap for the treatment of many of these defects because of its rich blood supply and location, which is close to the location of various intraoral defects. In this article, we have reviewed BFP and the associated anatomical background, surgical techniques, and clinical applications. The surgical procedure is simple and has shown a high success rate in various clinical applications (approximately 90%), including the closure of oroantral fistula, correction of congenital defect, treatment of jaw bone necrosis, and reconstruction of tumor defects. The control of etiologic factors, size of defect, anatomical location of defect, and general condition of patient could influence the prognosis after grafting. In conclusion, BFP is a reliable flap that can be applied to various clinical situations.

Keywords: Buccal fat pad flap; Defect; Oral; Reconstruction; Wound epithelialization.

Publication types

  • Review