The Smartphone-Based Offline Indoor Location Competition at IPIN 2016: Analysis and Future Work

Sensors (Basel). 2017 Mar 10;17(3):557. doi: 10.3390/s17030557.


This paper presents the analysis and discussion of the off-site localization competition track, which took place during the Seventh International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN 2016). Five international teams proposed different strategies for smartphone-based indoor positioning using the same reference data. The competitors were provided with several smartphone-collected signal datasets, some of which were used for training (known trajectories), and others for evaluating (unknown trajectories). The competition permits a coherent evaluation method of the competitors' estimations, where inside information to fine-tune their systems is not offered, and thus provides, in our opinion, a good starting point to introduce a fair comparison between the smartphone-based systems found in the literature. The methodology, experience, feedback from competitors and future working lines are described.

Keywords: evaluation and benchmarking; indoor localization technology; indoor navigation; smartphone applications.