Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
, 8 (5), 920-931

Diverse Effects of Gut-Derived Serotonin in Intestinal Inflammation

Affiliations
Review

Diverse Effects of Gut-Derived Serotonin in Intestinal Inflammation

Md Sharif Shajib et al. ACS Chem Neurosci.

Abstract

The gut is the largest producer of serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in the human body, and 5-HT has been recognized as an important signaling molecule in the gut for decades. There are two distinct sources of enteric 5-HT. Mucosal 5-HT is predominantly produced by enterochromaffin (EC) cells of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and neuronal 5-HT in the gut is produced by serotonergic neurons of the enteric nervous system (ENS). The quantity of mucosal 5-HT produced vastly eclipses the amount of neuronal 5-HT in the gut. Though it is difficult to separate the functions of neuronal and mucosal 5-HT, in the normal gut both types of enteric 5-HT work synergistically playing a prominent role in the maintenance of GI functions. In inflammatory conditions of the gut, like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) recent studies have revealed new diverse functions of enteric 5-HT. Mucosal 5-HT plays an important role in the production of pro-inflammatory mediators from immune cells, and neuronal 5-HT provides neuroprotection in the ENS. Based on searches for terms such as "5-HT", "EC cell", "ENS", and "inflammation" in pubmed.gov as well as by utilizing pertinent reviews, the current review aims to provide an update on the role of enteric 5-HT and its immune mediators in the context of intestinal inflammation.

Keywords: 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT); enteric 5-HT; enteric nervous system (ENS); enterochromaffin (EC) cells; inflammation; inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 5 PubMed Central articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

Grant support

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback