Methods Used by Colleges and Schools of Pharmacy to Prepare Student Pharmacists for Careers in Academia

Am J Pharm Educ. 2017 Feb 25;81(1):6. doi: 10.5688/ajpe8116.


Objective. To identify the methods used by US colleges and schools of pharmacy to prepare student pharmacists for academic careers. Method. An 18-item survey instrument was developed and distributed to US colleges and schools of pharmacy. Representatives were asked about faculty responsibilities, experiences in academia currently offered to student pharmacists, and representatives' perception of their student pharmacists' preparedness for careers in academia, including barriers in current programming. Results. Representatives from 96 colleges/schools responded. The vast majority (96%) provided academia-focused advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs), 40% provided didactic coursework in academia, 28% offered a longitudinal research track, and 42% offered academia-focused independent studies. Teaching methods and creating learning objectives were the most common pedagogical content, while assessment activities were diverse. Time was the most prevalent barrier to providing training for academic careers; however, degree of student pharmacist interest, faculty inexperience, and lack of leadership support were also commonly reported. Conclusions: Colleges and schools of pharmacy vary in the extent to which they prepare student pharmacists for careers in academia. Advanced pharmacy practice experiences were the most common method of training offered. Standardization of training for academia may better promote this career path to student pharmacists.

Keywords: academia; career; student preparation; training.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Career Choice*
  • Curriculum
  • Education, Pharmacy / methods*
  • Education, Pharmacy, Graduate
  • Faculty, Pharmacy
  • Humans
  • Pharmacists
  • Schools, Pharmacy / organization & administration*
  • Societies, Pharmaceutical
  • Students, Pharmacy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States