Biallelic mutations in the SPATA5 gene, encoding ATPase family protein, are an important cause of newly recognized epileptic encephalopathy classified as epilepsy, hearing loss, and mental retardation syndrome (EHLMRS, OMIM: 616577). Herein we describe a family in which two SPATA5 mutations with established pathogenicity (p.Thr330del and c.1714+1G>A) were found in the proband and her younger sister. The proband had a similar clinical picture to the previous descriptions of EHLMRS. In the sister, the only manifestation was an isolated sensorineural hearing loss. Our findings extend the phenotypic spectrum of SPATA5-associated diseases and indicate that SPATA5 defects may account for a fraction of isolated sensorineural hearing impairment cases.
Keywords: ATPase family protein; Epileptic encephalopathy; Exome sequencing; Hearing loss; Mental retardation; Mutations; SPATA5; Sensorineural deficit.