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. 2017 Sep;30(9).
doi: 10.1002/jmr.2624. Epub 2017 Mar 15.

Characterization of Surface Binding Sites in Glycoside Hydrolases: A Computational Study

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Characterization of Surface Binding Sites in Glycoside Hydrolases: A Computational Study

Samaneh Samaei-Daryan et al. J Mol Recognit. .

Abstract

Structural properties of carbohydrate surface binding sites (SBSs) were investigated with computational methods. Eighty-five SBSs of 44 enzymes in 119 Protein Data Bank (PDB) files were collected as a dataset. On the basis of SBSs shape, they were divided into 3 categories: flat surfaces, clefts, and cavities (types A, B, and C, respectively). Ligand varieties showed the correlation between shape of SBSs and ligands size. To reduce cut-off differences in each SBSs with different ligand size, molecular docking were performed. Molecular docking results were used to refine SBSs classification and binding sites cut-off. Docking results predicted putative ligands positions and displayed dependence of the ligands binding mode to the structural type of SBSs. Physicochemical properties of SBSs were calculated for all docking results with YASARA Structure. The results showed that all SBSs are hydrophilic, while their charges could vary and depended to ligand size and defined cut-off. Surface binding sites type B had highest average values of solvent accessible surface area. Analysis of interactions showed that hydrophobic interactions occur more than hydrogen bonds, which is related to the presence of aromatic residues and carbohydrates interactions.

Keywords: glycoside hydrolases; non catalytic binding sites; secondary binding sites.

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